Stay healthy while travelling: People are bound by various rules in society. His daily life is tied to the table. Yet people break the shackles of this rule with the intention of a little different amazement, to know the unknown, to see the unseen, to hear the unseen, to reach a forest, river, ancient architecture, protected park, etc., far away from the locality.
Various health problems can occur at this time. But with a little awareness, it can become more enjoyable and hassle-free by following some healthy approaches to travel. Dangerous accidents can be avoided with various diseases.
In this case, the doctor may be a suitable consultant. It is best to do this four to six weeks before a pre-planned trip. Because, before the trip, vaccines and other medicines for the prevention of various diseases are almost published within that time.
However, even if there are less than four weeks left before the trip, there is no harm in discussing the health benefits of the trip with the doctor. This is because diarrhoea, typhoid, hepatitis, rabies, Japanese encephalitis, gonorrhoea, kala-azar, avian influenza, dengue, leptospirosis and malaria and other deadly diseases can occur during this trip.
Get vaccinated and stay well:
Get vaccinated for Hepatitis-A, Hepatitis-B, Typhoid, and, if possible, Japanese Encephalitis and Hypertension if not vaccinated according to the doctor’s advice before travelling. And if you have been vaccinated against any disease before, take an extra booster dose of the appropriate vaccine to increase the duration of the vaccine if necessary.
Also, be sure to vaccinate the six most deadly diseases in the adult immunization program: Tuberculosis, Tetanus, Polio, Diphtheria, Whooping Cough, Measles and the newly added Hepatitis-B vaccine.
Beware of malaria:
Malaria Plasmodium is a deadly fever in the human body caused by a variety of parasites belonging to the genus Plasmodium. It can usually be fatal with capillary fever at regular or indefinite intervals, with fever without sweating, headache and body aches, nausea or vomiting, anaemia, jaundice, especially in parasitic malaria called Plasmodium falciparum. The patient may become unconscious, kidney and lung function may be lost.
This can lead to uncontrolled bleeding in the body, convulsions and excessive red blood cells. At the extreme stage of the disease, the patient may die. The parasite that causes the disease is mainly the parasite-infected female Anopheles mosquito that bites a human, enters the human body and usually causes malaria fever after seven to nine days.
Therefore, doxycycline/mefloquine in the case of doxycycline/mefloquine or up to one week in the case of enoxacin/proguanil drugs as a precaution against malaria in any part of Bangladesh, especially in the south-eastern and north-eastern districts. It must be used.
However, the use of the drug does not guarantee complete prevention of malaria, but in some cases, even after taking the drug, the malaria fever may occur at any time within the first year of travel, starting from the time of travel. Therefore, in malaria-prone areas, especially in the southern and northeastern districts of Bangladesh, if a person develops fever during travel or within one year of travel, the cause must be determined and treatment should be started immediately.
Proper pre-trip preparation is required:
In addition to the various daily necessities before the trip, take the appropriate amount of medicine for the additional two to three days if necessary till the last day of the trip, the medicine required for the prevention of malaria as advised by the doctor.
Be sure to take regular medication. Also, be sure to take some widely used medications such as paracetamol for fever and food saline for diarrhoea. To ensure clean water supply with water purification filters or easily portable water purification filters if possible, sunglasses and sunblocks required to protect from the sun’s excess ultraviolet rays on the beach, insect repellent, insect repellent, insect repellent, insect repellent. Thin shirt with long sleeves, long pants, long sleeves and socks, take the hat you need to wear outside.
Ensure Safe Food and Drinks:
Wash your hands well with soap and water before and after meals. Drink only bottled filtered water or at least boiled water if not possible. Refrain from eating street food, water, shower water, locally prepared ice cream and ice cream.
Do not drink milk unless pasteurized. Eat only well-cooked healthy pure food. Avoid salad raw food. This will greatly reduce the risk of diseases such as diarrhoea or hepatitis A.
If you consume alcohol and other drugs and do not know the way, refrain from driving yourself. Wear a seatbelt when driving, or a helmet when using a motor vehicle or bike. Never get in the vehicle as an extra passenger. Refrain from driving at night. If possible, you can seek the help of a local driver. Obey traffic laws properly.
Maximum precaution to prevent disease:
In the forest, when travelling in the mountains, use thin and long-sleeved shirts and full pants, gloves, long leg socks, and a hat on your head to protect against insects, especially mosquitoes. If there is no air-conditioned room, use a mosquito net at rest. In this way, it is possible to prevent various mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis, etc.
Avoid contact with any wild or domesticated wild animals such as dogs, cats, foxes, weasels, wild cats, wild dogs etc. By doing this, it is possible to prevent various diseases carried by them such as plague and rabies. Avoid poultry farms. Also, refrain from catching various wild birds. In this way, it is possible to prevent avian influenza to a large extent. Do not bathe in unclean ponds or lakes. It can prevent many worms infections and diseases called leptospirosis.
Avoid unprotected sex:
Avoid unprotected sex. Or use a condom during sex. In this way, it is possible to prevent AIDS, Hepatitis-B, Gonorrhea, Syphilis and many other sexually transmitted diseases. Many people with the same needle refrain from tattooing together. Do not take any medicine together with the same needle and syringe.
In this way, it is possible to prevent AIDS, Hepatitis-A, Hepatitis-B etc. Never walk outside barefoot. Keep feet clean and dry regularly. In this way, it is possible to prevent the infection of various fungi and worms.